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The effects of environmental pollution can be dangerous to life and properties. The following are the effects of pollution:


Effects of Air Pollution

  1. Air pollution causes irritation in the throat, nose, lungs and eyes.
  2. It brings about global warming (greenhouse effect).
  3. It causes breathing problems.
  4. It aggravates existing health conditions such as asthma.
  5. Increases the risk of cardiovascular disease.
  6. It produces acid rain.
  7. Air pollution results in the depletion of ozone layer.


Effects of Land Pollution

  1. Dump sites produce bad smell and odour the environment.
  2. Land pollutants like broken bottles can cause injuries in human.
  3. Landfills breed rodents like rats, mice and insects, that in turn transmit diseases.
  4. Many landfills are usually burnt and they cause further air pollution.
  5. Land pollution causes problems in the human respiratory system.
  6. Land pollution results in land wastage.
  7. It makes the surrounding look unattractive and discourage visitors.


Effects of Water Pollution

  1. It leads to death of aquatic (water) animals.
  2. It disrupts the food-chains of organisms.
  3. Water pollution causes various diseases such as typhoid and diarrhea.
  4. It destroys the ecosystem.
  5. It reduces the source of good water for various activities.


Effects of Noise Pollution

  1. Unwanted sound (noise) can damage psychological health.
  2. Noise pollution can cause hypertension, high stress level, and other harmful effects.
  3. It interferes with normal activities such as sleeping, conversation, or disrupts
  4. Noise diminishes one’s quality of life.

5. Chronic exposure to noise may cause noise-induced hearing loss.


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