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ECONOMIC COMMUINTY OF WEST AFRICAN STATES (ECOWAS) | ACHIEVEMENTS & PROBLEMS

ACHIEVEMENTS OF ECOWAS

  1. The body has removed all customs duties in the areas of importation and exportation of goods within the sub-region.
  2. Member states cooperate in the areas of sports and culture.
  3. ECOWAS has helped to unite the people of member nations irrespective of the differences in ideology, beliefs and so on.
  4. Formation of ECOMOG: ECOMOG was formed through ECOWAS to help maintain peace in the sub-region and it helped to restore democracy in Liberia and Sierra Leone.
  5. Member states of ECOWAS spoke against Apartheid in South Africa and neo-colonialism.
  6. The organization helped in removing all administrative restrictions on trade within the sub-region.
  7. Member states mediate in disputes among states, e.g. Nigeria and Chad, Liberia, Sierra Leone and so on.
  8. The body has eliminated obstacles to movements of persons, services and capital within the sub-region.

See also: UNITED NATION ORGANIZATION | ORIGIN, PRINCIPLES, AIMS & OBJEVTIVES

PROBLEMS OR WEAKNESSES OF ECOWAS

  1. Language barrier: Member states of ECOWAS do not speak the same language.
  2. Free movement: The free movement as provided by the Charter of ECOWAS is no longer automatic.
  3. Different Ideology: Difference in ideology hinders the progress of the organization.
  4. Common currency: The organization does not have a common currency.
  5. Political instability: Frequent change in government of some countries hinders the successful operation of the organization.
  6. Poor transportation and communication: These are some of the problems facing the organization
  7. Similarity of products: Member states of ECOWAS manufacture similar products which makes trade among ECOWAS states difficult.
  8. Fear of domination: Smaller states within the ECOWAS sub-region are afraid of being dominated by the larger states.
  9. Shortage of fund: Most member states of ECOWAS do not pay their dues which hinders the organization form executing its projects.
  10. Colonial masters: The political and economic activities of member states are tied to that of their former colonial master. So, their first loyalty goes to their former colonial masters not to ECOWAS.
See also  THE FIRST REPUBLICAN CONSTITUTION OF 1963

 EVALUATION

  1. Discuss 5 achievements of ECOWAS.
  2. Highlight 5 shortcomings of ECOWAS

See also: COMMON WEALTH OF NATIONS | ORGANS, ACHIEVEMENTS, FUNCTIONS $ PROBLEMS

GENERAL EVALUATION/REVISION QUESTIONS

  1. Highlight the features of the independence constitution
  2. What were the achievements of the constitution?
  3. Briefly describe what led to the Western election crisis of 1965
  4. Explain the causes of the general election crisis of 1983.

 READING ASSIGNMENT

Essential government by C.C. Dibie pages 262-263

Comprehensive government by J.U. Anyaele 242-243

 WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT

  1. ECOWAS is made up of ____ countries (a) 15 (b) 16 (c) 20
  2. ECOWAS was established to promote ____ (a) political instability (b) economic trade (c) colonial rule
  3. The Secretary General of ECOWAS is elected for a fixed term of (a) three years (b) four years (c) five years
  4. ECOMOG means (a) Economic Monitoring Group (b) ECOWAS Monitoring Group (c) ECOWAS Military Group.
  5. All the following are problems of ECOWAS except (a) removal of customs duties (b) language barrier (c) ideological differences.
See also  ACHIEVEMENTS AND PROBLEMS OF ECOWAS

 THEORY

  1. Discuss 4 areas where ECOWAS have recorded success.
  2. Explain 5 limitations of ECOWAS.

See also

ECONOMIC COMMUINITY OF WEST AFRICAN STATES (ECOWAS).

SPECIALIZED AGENCIES OF THE U.N.O | PURPOSES, ACHIEVEMENTS, PROBLEMS

SPECIALIZED AGENCIES OF U.N.O | ILO, W.H.O, F.A.O., UNESCO, UNICEF & I.M.F

 

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