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Creative and Common Art (CCA)

CRK/CRE/CRS

MOSAIC

MEANING OF MOSAIC Mosaic is a picture or pattern produced by arranging and sticking small pieces of stone, glass, tile etc., unto a support.Mosaic is also a picture or decoration made of small,usually coloured pieces of inlaid stone,glassetc. Mosaic is an ancient form of painting, basically in pictorial forms.   MATERIALS AND TOOLS The materials include: Bits of coloured glass or broken bottles. Strong adhesive or glue Pieces of coloured tiles Pieces of coloured tiles Flat plywood Coloured pictures cut from magazine. Cardboard Beads Sequins Bottle tops Cartridge paper Old newspaper Pencil or pen   TOOLS: The tools include hammer,knife,scissors, and cutter knife.   EVALUATION Define mosaic. State any two mosaic materials and tools respectively.   METHODS Step 1 Get the required materials for mosaic production. Step 2 Mount and stick the cardboard unto the plywood using glue. Step 3 Sketch the picture on the background support. Step 4 Apply… Read More »MOSAIC

CRK/CRE/CRS

COSTUME IN DRAMA

MEANING OF COSTUME Costume refers to the clothes, accessories and hairdos worn by the players who are trying to look like a different person. Costumes add beauty to the entire outward appearance of the actors and actresses. Costumes also enable the players fit the targeted character perfectly. Costumes are sewn, designed and provided by the costumier or costume designer.   TYPES OF COSTUME There two types of costume. They are as follows. REAL COSTUME REHEARSAL COSTUME REAL OR AUTHENTIC COSTUME: This refers to the actual dresses and accessories intended to be worn by the players for the main drama presentation. REHEARSAL COSTUME: This refers to the dresses and accessories meant to be worn by the players for the main purpose of rehearsing a play.   CLOTHING AND ACCESSORIES They include traditional dresses, caps, shoes, jewelries, hand bag, wrist watch etc.   EVALUATION Define costume. List the two types of costume… Read More »COSTUME IN DRAMA

CCA (secondary school)

EAR TRAINING

Ear training can be defined as the process of developing aural skills which are vital principles in learning. It is also the development of one’s ability to identify music sounds as it is a fundamental rudiment in learning. A song follows a set of singing rhymes when it is well composed.Singing rhymes are vital to the flow of a song when it is orderly arranged or composed. Last words on each line of a song should have a link in terms of identical sound. ORAL TRAINING This has to do with intensive training of the human voice to conform with the rhythm of the music. The pitch and other components should be harmonized when singing through the human voice.   TWO-PART SINGING Two part singing or harmony has to do with music written for two voices or two musical instruments.The parts give different note of each chord of the music.The… Read More »EAR TRAINING

CCA (secondary school)

CONTEMPORARY DANCE

MEANING OF CONTEMPORARY DANCE AND FORM Contemporary dance refers to a variety of dance movements that emerged during the middle part of the twentieth century and still remains relevant till the present time. It is a style of expressive that combines elements of several genres including modern, jazz, lyrical and classical ballet. Contemporary dancers strive to connect the mind and the body through fluid dance movements. Form refers to the shape a dancer takes in space while dancing around the dance floor.   TYPES OF CONTEMPORARY DANCE They include: BALLET:Ballet is one of the most common type of dance and many other types of dance are actually based on ballet .This style of dance has been around for centuries and is often considered to be one of the most beautiful .Although, classical music is usually used to set the scene for a ballet, other types of music can be used… Read More »CONTEMPORARY DANCE

CCA (secondary school)

RUDIMENTS AND THEORIES OF MUSIC

INTRODUCTION TO SCALES 1. DIATONIC MAJOR SCALES (C MAJOR) A scale is a group of notes in succession. There are many different types of scales but there are two most common types of scale such as major and minor scales. There are twelve pitches in standard western music .After the twelve, the pitches repeat but in the next higher register or octave. Once aperson understands the concept of intervals, scales will be pretty easy to grasp since they are just made of a series of intervals.   Figure out the scales in any of the keys you are searching for by knowing the interval ‘formula’. For instance ,W is a whole step  and H is a half step .A half step is the smallest interval available on the piano and will be one key away from the starting note. A whole key is made of two half steps so it… Read More »RUDIMENTS AND THEORIES OF MUSIC

CCA (secondary school)

STUDY OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS

CLASSIFICATION OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS Musical instruments are classified as follows: AEROPHONE FAMILY: Musical instruments that belong to the aero phone family arewind instrument. They include: flute, oboe, piccolo, recorder, CorAnglais ,clarinet ,bassoon and English horn.Musical instruments of the aero phone family are played by blowing air while the fingers are in full operation. CHORDOPHONE FAMILY:Musical instruments that belong to the chordophone family are stringed instruments .The musical instruments are played by bowing, hammering and plucking. Examples include violin, viola, guitar, harp, goje ,lute, cello (short form of violin cello) , zither and double bass . MEMBRANOPHONE FAMILY: Musical instruments that belong to the membranophone family are called percussion.Examples include drums like tom tom drum, bass drum, gangan (hour glass),igba(Igbo), snare drum and kettle drum or timpani, tambourine, xylophone, cymbals, bells. IDIOPHONE FAMILY: Musical instruments that belong to the idiophone family are self sounding musical instruments. They produce sound by the… Read More »STUDY OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS

CCA (secondary school)

HOW TO ACHIEVE A SENSE OF BELONGING

MEANING OF TEAM WORK Team work involves a group of people working together to achieve a common goal. Team work is a joint or collaborative effort that involves a group of people working well together to achieve a common goal.Team work is the combined action of a group,especially when effective and efficient.Team work can also be defined as the cooperative or coordinated effort on the part of a group of people acting together as a team or in the interest of a common cause. Co-operation is fundamental for a team of people to achieve success in whatever they do. Everyone involved must unite to achieve a common goal.On the contrary, a team of people is bound to fail if there is lack of co-operation.   MEANING OF SENSE OF BELONGING Sense of belonging is the feeling that someone is accepted and connected to a family and community.Sense of belonging can… Read More »HOW TO ACHIEVE A SENSE OF BELONGING

CCA (secondary school)

DRAMA DIRECTOR

A drama director is someone who oversees the affairs of the play by trying to unify the various human and material aspects of the production.The drama director is an instructor who instructs the players on how they are to play their part during drama rehearsal. The drama director is subject to the producer who is the master of the drama production.Sometimes, the producer equally plays the part of the drama director at the same time.   FUNCTIONS OF A DIRECTOR IN DRAMA The director has two fundamental duties. To bring about a unified vision within the finished production. To lead others toward its ultimate actualization. To carry out these duties, the director must organize the realization of her vision .The director must decide on the interpretation to be given the play ,work with the playwright (if possible),designers and technicians in planning the production ,cast and rehearse the actions ,and co-ordinate… Read More »DRAMA DIRECTOR

CCA (secondary school)

COLLAGE PRODUCTION

Diverse Meaning of Collage Collage is a picture made on a support by sticking together different materials or media on a background support. Collage is an assemblage of two or more materials or media on a background support. Collage is a work of art in which pictures are built up using bits and pieces of different types of materials.Collage is a form of art expression in which mixed media like grain, pieces of paper and fabric are stuck unto a given surface.   MATERIALS USED IN COLLAGE PRODUCTION They include: Pieces of metal sheets Machine parts Grains like rice, maize, beans etc. Parts from car Dis- used materials like pieces of fabric, bolts and nuts,washers etc. Large piece of wood Different colours of paper Photographic pictures Adhesives like water gum, evostic and glue A pair of scissors Plywood with a larger surface for people to see   METHODS OF PRODUCING… Read More »COLLAGE PRODUCTION

CCA (secondary school)

ELEMENTS OF DRAMA

Elements of drama are the features of drama that are vital or fundamental to the understanding of any dramatic piece of writing. The following are elements of drama. Plot:Plot is the storyline from the beginning to the end. A written piece of drama is incomplete without the plot. It is the plot that gives the reader an insight into what the entire written play is all about. Protagonist:This is the central character who is either the man (hero) or woman (heroine) that performs a prominent role in a drama. The protagonist is the lead actor (male) and the lead actress (female). Antagonist:This is the character that opposes the protagonist either a rightly or wrongly. Dramatis Personae: Dramatis personae refer to a list of the characters or actors in a drama. In another viewpoint, dramatis personae refer to the characters or actors in a drama. Script: Script is the material upon… Read More »ELEMENTS OF DRAMA

CCA (secondary school)

FUNCTIONS AND TERMINOLOGIES IN DRAMA

INTRODUCTION Drama has been at the forefront since time immemorial. Ancient dramas in Greece and Rome till date are still performed in the Theatres to entertain the audience both young and old. Drama has become a means of entertainment in the world at large.The functions of drama are highlighted below. Drama preserves and promotes our rich cultural heritage. Drama forestalls or promotes teamwork or co-operation among the cast ,crew and audience. Drama inculcates or teaches values. A vital or significant aspect of drama is that it teaches or inculcates lessons. Drama informs the public about activities that happened in the societyboth past and contemporary time. Drama rectifies certain ailments. Drama entertains people who seek pleasure. Drama promotes tolerance among people in the society. Drama educates the public in diverse ways.   TERMINOLOGIES USED IN DRAMA DRY UP: This is a situation that occurs when a member of the cast suddenly… Read More »FUNCTIONS AND TERMINOLOGIES IN DRAMA

CCA (secondary school)

INTRODUCTION TO LOCAL CRAFTS

DEFINITIONS OF CRAFT Craft is the skillful use of the hands in making functional and decorative objects from raw materials. Craft can also be defined as the handiwork that demonstrates unique craftsmanship skills. Craft revolves around activities that deal with theskillful making of functional and decorative products by hands and local materials. Craftsmen or artisans specialize in the making of various craftworks and crafts to earn a living in Nigeria.   CRAFTS AND THEIR LOCATION INNIGERIA The following crafts and where the crafts are practiced are presented in a tabular form below  CRAFT                                                          LOCATION TIE AND DYE Kano ,Abeokuta,Sokoto and Oshogbo BATIK Abeokuta and Oshogbo APPLIQUE             Anambra BEAD MAKING             Bida, Ife , Ilorin and Benin METAL CRAFT Ife , Benin , Zaria and Anambra Pottery             All the states in Nigeria. BASKETRY             Zaria, Igbo land , Katsina and Kano CLOTH WEAVING             Iseyin, Kogi and… Read More »INTRODUCTION TO LOCAL CRAFTS

Civic Education

DEALING IN FAKE DRUGS

When someone engages in buying and selling of fake drugs, such activity is a criminal act. The general public especially licensed chemicals shops, hospitals, clinics, and other health care store need to be cautioned against buying fake drugs from drug peddlers and dubious sources. Consequences   of   not performing  our   obligations  to  the   community,  state,     and   nation The consequences include Consequences of not participating in voting gives room  for  choiceofbad   leader s  and  allows   election   manipulations to  take  place. Consequences of not giving assistance to law enforcement agents    brings  about  compound  security      challenges    and  increases  criminal  activities  and  makes  it    difficult   to   enjoy    some  of  our  rights Consequences of not maintaining a clean environment attract some  dangerous   animal   like    snake   scorpion  and   others Consequencesof not obeying the law; When    law   is  not  been  obeyed  by    the  people  of  the  society  its  slow    down  the  progress  of  the   nation    and    increases    money  … Read More »DEALING IN FAKE DRUGS

Civic Education

RIGHTS AND DUTIES OF CITIZENS

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN RIGHT AND DUTIES Rights are the privileges given to a citizen which are protected by the constitution but duties are something you are required to do for moral or legal reasons. Rights are what you are constitutionally entitled to while duties are what you are to do concerning the rights.   IMPORTANCE OF RIGHTS AND DUTIES OF CITIZENS Social Control:When we perform our duties and respect other people’s rights, the society functions normally. It brings but control within the country. 2.Peace: Peace prevails in societies where citizens enjoy their rights and perform their duties as expected. This happens because there will be less conflict and friction among the citizens. Development: A country develops faster when her citizens do not interfere with other people’s rights and perform their duties and obligations. Such brings progress economically, political, and socially. Orderliness: When citizens respect other people’s rights and perform their duties… Read More »RIGHTS AND DUTIES OF CITIZENS

Civic Education

Causes and Effects of Advanced Fee Fraud

CAUSES AND EEFFECTS OF ADVANCED FEE FRAUD (419) AND EMBEZZLEMENT Poverty Unemployment Influence of Bad Group External Influence Psychological Problem Bad Value System Inequality between the rich and the poor is also responsible for the increase in crime rate in the country. Low self-esteem, alcohol and drug abuse make people, especially, the youths, to engage in criminal activities.   EFFECT OF ADVANCED FRAUD  FEE(419) AND EMBEZZLEMENT 1 Lack of employment may lead to crime in the society. Unemployed youths are readily available for anti- social criminal activities that undermine the stability of the society. Crime has adverse effects on economic development Insecurity in the country: Crime creates the state of insecurity in the country e.g. the activities of Boko-Haram has led to a state of Insecurity. Political Instability: Increase in crime rate may affect governance, thereby leading to political instability It may drive away foreign investors. Many investors may not… Read More »Causes and Effects of Advanced Fee Fraud

Civic Education

RIGHTS AND DUTIES OF A CITIZEN

Meaning and Types of Rights and Duties of Citizen Rights are privileges given to citizens who are protected by the constitution of a country. These rights include: right to life right to dignity of human Person right, to vote and be voted for in any political election. right to fair hearing. right to freedom of movement. right to personal liberty. right to peaceful assembly and association. right to ownership of property and protection from deprivation property. right to freedom of expression and press right to freedom from unlawful detention, arrest and tortue   DUTIES AND OBLIGATION OF A CITIZEN Duties are the constitutional responsibilities a citizen is expected to perform for effective functioning of a country. The duties and obligation of a citizen to his country are: obeying the law 2. paying taxes, rates and dues assisting the law enforcement agents. loyalty to the country defence of the country respect… Read More »RIGHTS AND DUTIES OF A CITIZEN

Civic Education

Processes of Becoming a Citizen of a Country

Qualification for Citizenship in Nigeria Citizenship of a country, especially Nigeria, can be through any of these ways. By Birth: A person becomes a citizen of Nigeria by birth if the parents are Nigerians, are if he was born in Nigeria on or before the independence. 2.Through Naturalization: A foreigner who has stayed in Nigeria for at least 15 years can apply for Nigerian Citizenship. Through Registration: A foreigner who has married a Nigerian can apply for Nigerian Citizenship. He has to be of good character and must meet other conditions specified by Nigerian law.   Qualifications for Citizenship in Nigeria The following conditions must be met by a foreigner to become a citizen of Nigeria: Age: He must have attained the required age stipulated by the Nigerian Constitution i.e. more than 21 years old. 2.Residence:He must have lived in Nigeria for at least fifteen years. Acceptability by the Community:… Read More »Processes of Becoming a Citizen of a Country

Civic Education

Causes and Effects of Falsehood and Theft

Causes and Effects of Falsehood and Theft 1. Poor Educations of Youths: Young people who do not have access to education have the high tendency of engaging in crimes. Also, those who drop out of school due to government policy, family problems are likely to become criminals. 2.Bad Education Policy: An education system that is certificate oriented will always produce graduates always looking for jobs. Unemployed youths may likely devise illegal means of making money which may involve engaging in criminal activities such as 419 or smuggling. 3. Poor Parenting: Children from broken homes may not have enough informal training that can help them overcome some adolescent problems. If this is the case, such youths may likely turn to be criminals though intelligent and promising. Their intelligence would be used negatively to achieve their aims. 4. Weak Judicial System: Non-enforcement of laws and delayed punishment may encourage more youths to… Read More »Causes and Effects of Falsehood and Theft

Civic Education (Primary Classes)

CHARACTERISTICS OF VALUE IN CULTURAL AND CREATIVE ART

Value needed in arts and creative work Arts and craft are very useful for preserving the culture, arts and way of life of the people in a giving society. Values that are needed include the following: creativity Hard work Honesty Precision   Values are needed to: It helps to sustain the practice of arts and craft in order to bring gain economically It preserves the art culture It helps to inform the society about the culture practiced in a particular society It helps to inculcate cultural practice It helps to develop an acceptable behavior It helps in the documentation, preservation and promotion of the cultural practice of the society.   STRATEGIES AND ACTIVITIES STEP I: The Teacher revises the previous week lesson STEP II: The Teacher introduces the new topic. STEP III: The Teacher explains the note in details STEP IV:  The Teacher gives room for pupils to ask questions.… Read More »CHARACTERISTICS OF VALUE IN CULTURAL AND CREATIVE ART

Civic Education (Primary Classes)

Attitude to accident victims

Accident victims are people that get injured or killed when accidents occur on the roads. Some of the injured have their legs or arms broken. Such victims need immediate attention. In case of accident, injured victims should be rushed to the nearest clinic or hospital after first aid has been given to them.   Our attitude towards accident victims should be a positive one, because anyone could be an accident victim at anytime and anywhere. In such situation how would you expect people to treat you? Accident victims need our love, care, attention, prayers and support. Our attitude towards them should be in the following ways: Friendliness: We should be friendly to accident victims. We should render them help and assist them get good medical treatment needed for their recovery. Caring: Accident victims need our care, love, support and prayers. We should take good care of them immediately and give… Read More »Attitude to accident victims

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