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The English consonant are (24) twenty four. A consonant is a speech sound which is produced with obstruction of airstream. The obstruction could be “partial” or “table”. For instance, when consonant like /p/ is produced, the flow of air is obstructed by the lips. The obstruction here is called a total obstruction because the flow of air is completely obstructed for a while. But when consonant like /f/ is produced, the flow of air is partially obstructed by the lower lip and the upper teeth.

 

The important thing about the production of a consonant, therefore, is that is always a degree of obstruction of the air is one of the three important factor used in classifying the English consonants.

Classification of Consonant. These are:

(i)         Place of Articulation

(ii)        State of Glottis

(iii)       Manner of Articulation

The following are the twenty four consonant sound.

See also  MONOTHONGES AND DIPHTHONGS

P, b, t, d, k, g, f, v,    ,    , s, z, s,     ,      ,      ,       ,r, w, j, m, n, J.

 

Most consonant can occur at the beginning, middle and end of words but a few of these consonant are restricted to certain positions.

/p/ as in pan, Happy, Nap

/b/ as in Bud, Rubber, Rub

/t/ as in Tea, Heater, Seat.

/d/ as in dip, ridder, hide

/k/ as in come, marking, pack

/g/ as in get, target, rag

/f/ as in fork, suffer, cough

/v/ as in van, river, live

/   / as in think, anthem, both

/    / as in this, father, breathe

/    /as in sip, racing, place

/ z/ as in Zink, razor, has

/    / as in shop, lashes, fish

See also  SPEECH WORK

/    / as in genre, vision,garage

/h/  as in hat, behave

/tj/ as in cheap, ricer, teach

/dz/ as in joy, rejoice, page

/l/ as in lock, follow, sell

/r/ as in rag, borrow

/w/ as in win, rewind

/j/ as in yes

/m/ as in man, remain, him,

/n/ as in net, runner, rain

/    / as in singer, hang

(and more)

 

See also

LEXICAL AND AUXILASRY VERBS

FIGURES OF SPEECH

ESSAY WRITING

SQUENCE OF TENSES

CLUSTERS OF TWO CONSONANTS

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