Skip to content

COMPREHENSION/ READING SKILLS: SKIMMING AND SCANNING

English Language

COMPREHENSION / READING SKILLS

The passage is a short extract from a full-length play. There are three characters; Salubi, Samson and Kotonou. Kotuno is a driver who wants to give up driving, Samson, a motor park tout, is his mate or conductor. Salubi  is a driver-trainee.

EVALUATION

Answer the questions under the comprehension passage.

 

STRUCTURE: NOUN PHRASE AND VERB PHRASE

Content

Definition

Functions

Definition:  A noun phrase is a phrase in which the main word or the head is a noun or pronoun.

Functions:  The noun phrase performs exactly the same functions as a noun.

(i) As subject of a sentence

The big girl

The big ugly girl in the class is quarrelsome.

The big ugly girl who stammers is quarrelsome.

A young talented Nigerian lady was presented an award last year.

The boy in red shirt is my friend.

We bought a brand new car.

 

The gerundial phrase which is also a noun phrase can function as a subject of the verb e.g.

Telling lies often belittles a person.

Consciously wounding someone is wicked.

 

The infinitive can also be used as a noun phrase and function as the subject of verb.

To tell lies belittles a person.

To consciously wound someone is wicked.

An adjective can be the head of a noun phrase.

The poor suffer a lot.

The conquered expect no mercy from their conqueror.

The wise learn  from experience.

(ii) As object of Verb

The officer praised the students (Direct Object)

(iii) As subject Complement

The grateful boy called his friend saviour.

His village made him  a chief.

(v) As complement of a preposition

The governor thought of the brilliant lawyer when choosing his cabinet.

The thief hid the gun under his bed.

 

The Verb Phrase    

The verb phrase is usually made up of a main verb and one or more auxiliary verbs in the following sentences, the verb phrases are in italics.

Dike has done the work (one auxiliary verb + main verb)

Dike has been doing the work since morning (two auxiliary verbs + main verbs + main verb)

Obioma may come with us if he likes.

 

EVALUATION: Mention the grammatical functions of the underlined expression.

I have given it to the boy.

The rich and the poor are invited

Mr. Henry is an angry man.

I call Jesus my personal Lord and Saviour.

I could have done the work sooner.

 

VOCABULARY OF AGRICULTURE – GENERAL TERMS

agrarian economy: A nation whose economy is predominantly based on agriculture

fallow: Allow to stay without cultivation for a while

orchard: A piece of land on which fruit trees are grown

seedling: Young plant grown from seed

barn: Building for storing farm produce, especially yams

cash crops: A crop grown for sale rather than for consumption.

arable land: Farming done on a piece of land good for tilling or ploughing.

mechanized farm: Agriculture practiced with the use of machines.

nursery: Place where young trees and plants are raised for transplanting or sale.
manure: This is fertilizer made from dung.

bumper harvest: This is an unusually large quantity of crop gathered at the end of a farming season.

tendril: This is the soft thin part of a climbing plant needed to be attached to a support.

crop rotation: This is the changing of crops planted on the same piece of land on seasonal basis.

agricultural loan: This is a loan given by government or bank to enable farmer’s farming projects.

hybrid fruits: These are fruits produced from two plants of different species.

amortize : This is to pay money in borrowed in bit.

 

LIVESTOCK

livestock: these are domestic animals raised for their working ability or for their value as a source of food and other products.

ranches: This a farm/confined space for rearing of animals.

beef:  This is meat from cattle or cow.

animal droopings: Dung or faeces of animals or birds.

broiler: These are young chickens reared for eating.

dairy products: These are food items made from milk, e.g Cheese and butter.

pasture: This is a grassland on which grass-eating animals feed.

pullet: This is a young hen.

vaccinate: Inject with a vaccine as protection against illness.

veterinarian or veterinary doctor: A person who treats animals.

fish-net It is used to catch fish

FISHERY

cane pole and line Those are also used to catch fish.
ripples A small wave on the surface of the water after a net or cane pole has been thrown into the water.
bait Anything used to attract fish so that it may be caught e.g. earthworm.
float  Piece of wood or cork at the end of a fishing-line (or string) which moves when a fish bites the hook.
trawler Boat used for fishing. It drags the fish-net behind it.
fish pond A small area of still water, especially one that is artificial where fish are nurtured  for consumption
fishery A part of a sea or river where fish are caught in large quantity.

The business or industry of catching fish

fish farm A place where fish are bred as a business.

 

EVALUATION

Choose five words from the words taught and use them in sentences.

 

SPELLING: WORDS COMMONLY MISSPELT; Unified test

Content

Words Commonly  Misspelt

Correct Spellings

Analysis of the words commonly misspelt in English language

Correct Misspelt
accommodation accomodation
acquaint aquaint
bibliography bibiography
business bussiness
clarity clearify
colossal colosal
covenant convenant
diligent deligent
environment enviroment
enmity enimity
excitement excitement
expatiate expantiate
foreigner foreigner
incurred incured
grievous grievious
maintenance maintainance
misspell misspell
mischievous mischievious
necessary necessary
pastime pasttime
pronunciation pronouncaition
preceded preceeded
sandwich sandwitch
receive receive
referred refered
separate separate

 

Others include: harassment, embarrassment, herculean, workaholic, limousine, buoyant, buoy, boulevard, hippopotamus, stethoscope, obstetrician, pneumonia, choreography, commission, accommodation, surveillance, maintenance, agrarian, lovable, duly, gubernatorial, indict, accede, onomatopoeia, Ghanaian, promiscuous , continuous, philandrer, psychiatric. Psyche, burlesque, diarrhoea, obstetrician, stethoscope, flirtatious, sarcasm.

EVALUATION: Dictation

 

GENERAL EVALUATION/ REVISION QUESTIONS

From the list of words lettered A to D, choose the one that is nearest in meaning to the underlined words.

  1. We must move with the times as there is no point in clinging to antiquated    a. foolish  (b) outdated (c) unscientific  (d) useless  (e) wrong
  2. Religious leaders are supposed to be beneficient (a) clean (b) holy (c) honest (d) kind  (e) malevolent
  3. The minister’s response to the question on whether or not he would retire at the end of his tenure was evasive (a) concrete (b) clear  (c) definite  (d) elusive  (e) undecided
  4. Femi’s comments were germane to the issue under discussion. (a) complimentary ( b) confidential ( c) insignificant (d) redundant (e) relevant
  5. The manufactures found the new economic policy auspicious to their plan. (a) atrocious ( b) favourable  (c) reliable  (d) treacherous (e) unfavourable

 

See also

ESSAY WRITING

VERBS.

NOUN

PHRASAL VERB

LETTER WRITING

SUBSCRIBE BELOW FOR A GIVEAWAY

More Suggestions

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *