Garments repair involves two methods. They are darning and patching.
DARNING: Darning is a method of repairing or mending thin pieces and small holes in garments. This process involves weaving strong thread into the material to replace or strengthen worn threads. Darning can be done with machines or by hand.
STEPS TO FOLLOW WHEN USING DARNING
- Choose thread which matches the fabric in terms of colour, thickness and texture
- Work darn on wrong side of the fabric
- Use fine darning needle
- Draw the edges of the tear together with herringbone stitch
- Darn along the selvedge first
- Leave loops at the ends of each other row to allow for shrinkage
- Sew round the hole and over the thin areas.
TYPES OF DARNING
- Darning a hole/tear
- Stocking dams
- Hedge tear darn
Patching is a method of replacing worn areas of fabric with strong pieces of materials. It will look better when materials of the same colours, designs and texture are used for the patch and matching colours of the thread. The patch can be cut into squares, rectangle or triangles. Patchwork can be used on all soft furnishing. The patch should be large enough to cover the hole, selvedge threads should matched with selvedge threads and weft to weft.
TYPES OF PATCHING
- Mention the types of cloth repairs
- State types of patching
Get a piece of fabric and calico pieces, prepare and present a calico patch