Citizenship means membership of a country, nation or state.
A citizen is a legal member of wherever he comes from and has some rights, duties and obligations.
Types of citizenship
By Birth: A person becomes a citizen of the country where he is born.
By Marriage and Registration: A foreigner can becomes a citizen if he/she marries a Nigerian and registers the marriage.
By Descent: Many Nigerians who live in other countries and have children in those countries automatically have their children as Nigerians based on descent.
By Naturalization: This is having citizenship of another country having fulfill certain conditions e.g. A foreigner that have lived up to 15 years in Nigeria can apply for citizenship if he/she fulfill certain conditions.
RIGHTS & DUTIES OF CITIZENS
Rights are legal entitlements enjoyed by people as guaranteed by law. These rights are also called the fundamental human rights. Human rights have their origin with the United Nations in 1948 which is termed Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Every member (nation) that is a member of the U.N. must abide and implement the principle in their national constitution.
CITIZENSHIP (RIGHTS OF CITIZENS)
A citizen is a full-fledge member of a country. He enjoys all rights in the country as written in the constitution. A non-citizen does not enjoy all the rights citizens enjoy in any country where he/she stays. Citizenship can be acquired through birth, marriage and registration, by descent, naturalization, by honourary titles and dual citizenship.