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Civic Eduaction (All Classes)

Civic Education

ACCEPTABLE SOCIETAL VALUES

TYPES OF JUSTICE There are four types of justice Distributive justice: this implies fair share i.e. fairness in what people receive on income, just recompense Procedure justice: this is using fair process in deciding goods or whatever is distributed. Its absence can cause revolt where people demand for their right. Restoration justice: it is otherwise referred to as restitution. It seeks to appease someone that has been cheated or a heartfelt apology to writing a wrong by converting all justices done to persons or a group of person. Retributive justice: this is revenge, sought for when someone offends, aggrieve or betray another. He wants the offender to suffer exactly what he has suffered. IMPORTANCE OF JUSTICE It prevent unnecessary conflict among the people in the society It encourages good relationship and interaction in the society It promote peace in the society It makes all happy IMPORTANCE OF VALUES They help… Read More »ACCEPTABLE SOCIETAL VALUES

Civic Education

VALUES

Values can be defined as the monetary and non – monetary worth of a thing, but it is appropriates to define in the perspective of the subject matter – civic education. We may define it as the esteem quality of or importance which a person or group give to certain ideas or belief accepted and maintained by individual and the society they live in. value again can be the setoff moral principle and standard guiding our interactions with people in the society. Value points out things that are good and constructive and this should be these instilled in a good or a active citizens. It solves human and societal problems like; corruption, terrorisms, cultism, thuggery, robbery etc. Its emanates from what a group or society accept as a standard of behaviour and ideals as it sources include the family, the environment, its people and so on. TYPES OF VALUE The… Read More »VALUES

Civic Education

INTRODUCTION TO CIVIC EDUCATION

Civic education of citizenship education is that subject that teach Nigeria youths their duties and right to become good followers and responsible future leaders. It indicates in them the right values, positive attitudes and behaviour that are embraced in the society. Civic education expose students to necessary awareness of democratic values that will enable them make useful contribution to social – political development of their nation in particular and the world at large. NEEDS FOR CIVIC EDUCATION It inculcates in its scholars the relevance of nationalism and patriotism as well as solution to the multi – dimensional problems of Nigeria. It inculcates in them the consciousness and awareness of democratic values, social political institutions and citizens rights and duties to the society. To assist the governments in serving the citizens well by providing basic infrastructural facilities that will rise their standard of living. To re-orientates the citizens to imbibe positive… Read More »INTRODUCTION TO CIVIC EDUCATION

Civic Education

INTEREST OF THEIR FOLLOWERS

WHY LEADERS FAIL TO PROTECT THE INTEREST OF THEIR FOLLOWERS Leaders fail to protect the interest of their followers for some of the following reasons: Party Interest: Leaders fail to protect their followers’ interest because of the pressure from party leaders and members. They are put under intense pressure to satisfy the needs of their party members or otherwise they frustrate them out of office. Godfatherism: Most leaders emerge based on the financial support from their godfathers. They sometimes enter into an agreement to keep servicing their godfathers until they leave office. The money met for public projects are diverted to settle these political godfathers. Selfishness:Leaders may fail to protect the interest of their followers because of selfish motives. They are greedy and want to satisfy their personal interest without responding to the yearnings of their followers. High cost of Electioneering Campaign: The cost of canvassing for vote is high.… Read More »INTEREST OF THEIR FOLLOWERS

Civic Education

POLITICAL APATHY

Political apathy is the lukewarm attitude or total refusal of the citizens to participate in the political activities of the state. They are not willing neither are they interested in public activities such as voting.   FORMS OF POLITICAL APATHY Refusal to vote during election. Unwillingness to join a political party. Refusal to register to vote during elections. Unwillingness to fight against electoral malpractices. Refusal to attend public protests/demonstrations. Refusal to attend political rallies and campaigns.   REASONS FOR POLITICAL APATHY Citizens refuse to participate in political activities for the following reasons. Political Violence DuringElection: Most elections in Nigeria are characterized by all manner of violence, killings and maiming. This has discouraged many people from active involvement in political activities. Election Rigging: Many people are of the opinion that their vote will not count due to the manipulation of election figures and result. Hence, they stay aloof. Unfulfilled Political Promises:… Read More »POLITICAL APATHY

Civic Education

POVERTY AND ITS EFFECTS

Poverty is a situation whereby an individual is unable to provide adequately for his/her basic needs. Poverty is one of the major problems of developing nations, including Nigeria. The high level of poverty in the country has placed Nigeria as one of the poorest nations in the world.   EFFECTS OF POVERTY Poverty can lead to increase in crime rate in the society. It can lead to break up in marriages. It can make an individual to be irresponsible in the society. It reduces the level of savings and investment in the nation. It increases the level of dependency in a country. It leads to low standard of living. It can cause political apathy. It can heighten social vices in the society. It can lead to increase in government spending in trying to attend to social needs. It can cause school dropout of children.   EVALUATION Define poverty. Mention seven… Read More »POVERTY AND ITS EFFECTS

Civic Education

POLITICAL PARTY

Political Party can be defined as association of people with similar political ideology who come together for the purpose of contesting election in order to gain political power and control government. The primary objective of any political party is to control government. They usually conduct primary elections within the party to select a flag bearer or candidate that will represent them during general election. Their membership cuts across different interest groups, class, ethnic boundaries and profession. Hence, political party is a good example of popular organization.   CHARACTERISTIC OF POLITICAL PARTIES Their main objective is to win election and control government. Their membership cuts across tribe, religion, profession, ethnic and regional divide. They conduct primary elections. They present candidates for election. The carry out campaigns and rallies. They ensure political education in the society.   FUNCTIONS OF POLITICAL PARTIES They help to promote unity in a state by bringing people… Read More »POLITICAL PARTY

Civic Education

NATIONAL CONSCIOUSNESS, INTEGRITY AND UNITY

National consciousness is the strong feeling of love, commitment, loyalty and affection that enables a citizen to work for the growth, development and progress of his nation. It is the awareness that enables the individual to pursue the interest of the nation above personal, ethnic, religious or tribal interest. It is the affection that compares an individual to advocate for the total freedom and unity of his nation.   National integrity is the complete adherence to the moral principles and standards that ensures the development and prosperity of a nation. It is national integrity that enables the individual to avoid all manner of sentiments and act rightly in the face of any situation. National unity is the deliberate effort made by the citizens of a country to work and promote the factors that ensures the unity of the nation. The above three concepts are interrelated. However, national consciousness is the… Read More »NATIONAL CONSCIOUSNESS, INTEGRITY AND UNITY

Civic Education

PROMOTION OF OUR TRADITIONS AND CUSTOMS

Traditions and customs are the age-long set of values and beliefs cherished by a particular group of people that affects their way of life. These traditions and customs are preserved by transmitting them from one generation to another. Nigeria, for example, has over 250 ethnic groups with their respective traditional beliefs and customs. Africa is believed to have the most dynamic set of traditions and customs globally.   WAYS OF PROMOTING TRADITIONS AND CUSTOMS Traditions and customs are promoted through the following ways: Family: The family is the most effective medium through which customs, traditions and beliefs are transmitted from one generation to another. The family as the primary agent of socialization creates the platform for children to learn directly their local languages, how to prepare local dishes, position to take when greeting the elderly, local dressing that fits each occasion, production of local items such as mat, clay pots,… Read More »PROMOTION OF OUR TRADITIONS AND CUSTOMS

Civic Education

DUTIES AND OBLIGATIONS OF CITIZENS

DUTIES AND OBLIGATIONS OF CITIZENS Duties and obligations are the constitutional responsibilities a citizen or citizens are expected to perform in the society for the smooth governance of the state. There are basically three categories of obligations: civic or political obligations, economic obligations and social obligations.   Civic or political obligations are the political duties of the citizens to the state such as voting during election, readiness to serve, obedience to law and order, etc. Economic obligations are the duties of the citizens that are associated with business, revenue, funding and maintenance of infrastructures. A good example of economic duty is prompt payment of taxes. Social obligations are the duties of the citizens that are related to the individual’s relationship with government agents, government properties and other citizens in the state. Examples of social obligations are respect for constituted authority, promotion of orderliness in public places, involvement in environmental sanitation,… Read More »DUTIES AND OBLIGATIONS OF CITIZENS

Civic Education

CITIZENSHIP EDUCATION

Citizenship education is the process by which the citizens of a state acquire the relevant knowledge about their rights and obligations in order to become responsible citizens in the state. The primary objective of citizenship education is to create awareness of the rights the citizens are entitled toenjoy within the provisions of the constitution and their duties to the state as citizens.   IMPORTANCE OF CITIZENSHIP EDUCATION The importance of citizenship education is discussed below. It helps the citizens to know their rights: The first goal of citizenship education is to help the citizens to identify their fundamental rights and ensure that these rights are not infringed upon. It is this awareness that enables the citizens to seek for redress whenever their privileges are denied or violated either by the state, organization or an individual. It promotes responsible citizenship: Citizenship education enables the citizens to be law abiding in their… Read More »CITIZENSHIP EDUCATION

Civic Education

LIMITATIONS OF HUMAN RIGHTS

LIMITATIONS OF HUMAN RIGHTS Human rights can be restricted for the overall good of the citizens and the country at large in the following ways: A citizen may be denied some of his rights if he is detained by law. A citizen’s right to life may be denied if he is condemned to death by the law court as a result of murder, armed robbery etc Right to life is also restricted by the law which forbids a citizen from killing himself or herself. Right to fair hearing cannot be exercised beyond the highest court which is the Supreme Court in Nigeria. Right to private property may be restricted by the right of the state to compulsorily acquire private property for public use. Declaration of dusk to dawn curfew in periods of emergency or chaos may limit the right of a citizen such as freedom of movement. The police in… Read More »LIMITATIONS OF HUMAN RIGHTS

Civic Education

CITIZENSHIP EDUCATION

CITIZENSHIP EDUCATION A citizen is a legally recognized member of a politically organized society known as a state.  A citizen is simply defined as a legal member of a state or country.   Citizenship education is the process of impacting information about citizen’s status, rights and duties into citizens with a view of making them understand the level of relationship expected of them in the state. It also involves the process of learning the skills, attitude and knowledge of participating in the affairs of a state or country to which you belong.   EVALUATION Who is a citizen? Define citizenship education.   GOALS OF CITIZENSHIP EDUCATION It helps citizens to develop consciousness of their legal status in a state and give them patriotic zeal to serve their state and humanity in general. It helps citizens to acquire adequate knowledge about their rights and duties in their society. Citizenship education teaches… Read More »CITIZENSHIP EDUCATION

Civic Education

COMMUNITY SERVICE

COMMUNITY SERVICE Community Service: This is the service we offer or render at free will. They are activities people engage in to develop their society and thereby make life better for themselves and other members of the society.   Community service which is an act of charity to others can be done individually or in group. A very good means through which the youths are made to engage in community development service in Nigeria is the National Youth Service Corps (NYSC). NYSC was established by decree number 24 on 22nd May, 1973 by the then military head of state General Yakubu Gowon, shortly after the civil war that ended in the year 1970. General Yakubu Gowon established the NYSC as part of his policy of reconstruction, rehabilitation and reconciliation. With the NYSC scheme, corps members are posted to different states in Nigeria and they have participated in community development service… Read More »COMMUNITY SERVICE

Civic Education

WOMEN TRAFFICKING AND CHILD LABOUR ERADICATION FOUNDATION

WOMEN TRAFFICKING AND CHILD LABOUR ERADICATION FOUNDATION (WOTCLEF) WOTCLEF is a non-governmental, non-profit making organization founded by the wife of the former vice president of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, Chief (Mrs) Titi Atiku Abubakar in the year 1999.   The aim of this organization is to partner with relevant agencies to restore human dignity by eradicating human trafficking and child labour in Nigeria. This foundation sent a private member bill to the National Assembly on the enactment of law prohibiting human trafficking and child labour in Nigeria. This bill was passed into law and assented/approved by the president of Nigeria on 14th July, 2003 as Trafficking in Persons Prohibition Law Enforcement and Administration Act.   EVALUATION What is the reason for establishing WOTCLEF? When was the bill passed into law?   ACTIVITIES OF WOTCLEF PUBLIC SENSITIZATION AND ENLIGHTENMENT WOTCLEF organizes seminars, workshops, musical concerts, sports, media advocacy and state… Read More »WOMEN TRAFFICKING AND CHILD LABOUR ERADICATION FOUNDATION

Civic Education

COMBATING HUMAN TRAFFICKING

GOVERNMENT AND INDIVIDUAL EFFORTS GEARED TOWARDS COMBATING HUMAN TRAFFICKING Establishment of NAPTIP in year 2003. Government pledged in 2009 to annually fund the activities and operations of NAPTIP with over 7 million dollars. Government sustained efforts to raise awareness on human trafficking in both rural and urban areas by organizing workshops, seminars and conferences. Also by distributing manuals, textbooks, pamphlets, etc. printed in different languages on human trafficking and ways of preventing it. Enactment of trafficking law and administration Act in 2003 that was amended in 2005 to increase penalties and punishment for traffickers and to prohibit human trafficking in all form. Government together with international partners provide specialized training to officials of NAPTIP, Police, Custom and Immigration on how to recognize, investigate and prosecute human traffickers. The move towards enacting a law to directly address the challenge of Human Trafficking in Nigeria started with a private member bill sent… Read More »COMBATING HUMAN TRAFFICKING

Civic Education

HUMANTRAFFICKING

HUMANTRAFFICKING Human trafficking is the recruiting, transporting, receiving and harboring of people in exchange for money. People who are most vulnerable to human trafficking are women and children and they are subjected into forced labour, slavery, servitude and prostitution. The people who engaged in human trafficking business are called human traffickers.   Human trafficking is a violation of human rights and the traffickers use their wealth and power to deceive and force the poor, less privileged, ignorant and vulnerable people in the society into all kinds of human exploitation that violates the fundamental human rights of the people involved.   Human trafficking could be done domestically or at the international level. Most international trafficking activities are targeted towards taking young ladies abroad through illegal means for the purpose of forcing them into prostitution. Domestic trafficking is targeted towards bringing young boys and girls into cities for force labour as house… Read More »HUMANTRAFFICKING

Civic Education

ADVANTAGES OF CONSTITUTIONAL DEMOCRACY

ADVANTAGES OF CONSTITUTIONAL DEMOCRACY IT ALLOWS FOR PEACEFUL CHANGE OF GOVERNMENT In a constitutional democracy, elections are conducted within a regular interval as stipulated by the constitution and this makes it easy to change a government.   IT ALLOWS THE PEOPLE TO CHOOSE THEIR LEADERS Democracy gives people the opportunity of voting during elections for candidates of their choice. The candidate with the highest vote wins the election and form government.     IT PROTECTS THE FUNDAMENTAL HUMAN RIGHTS OF PEOPLE There are certain rights or benefits endowed naturally on every individual as citizens of a state, these rights could be economic rights, social rights and political rights. These rights are popularly called fundamental human rights and it is the function of every government to recognize and protect these rights. Constitutional democracy ensures that people enjoy their rights to the maximum.   IT PROMOTES POPULAR PARTICIPATION Constitutional democracy encourages peoples’… Read More »ADVANTAGES OF CONSTITUTIONAL DEMOCRACY

Civic Education

CONSTITUTIONAL DEMOCRACY

Constitutional democracy is a government of the people, by the people and for the people which is based on the supremacy of the constitution. It can also be explained as a democratic system in which the will of the people prevail, their fundamental human rights recognized and protected, and the principle of rule of law strictly adhered to. It is a form of democracy founded, operated and controlled by the provisions of the constitution.   TYPES OF CONSTITUTIONAL DEMOCRACY DIRECT DEMOCRACY This is also known as classical democracy. It is a form of democracy in which all adult citizens take active part in the management and political running of the state. This type of democracy was practiced in Athens, the ancient city of Greece.   INDIRECT DEMOCRACY This is also called representative democracy. This form of democracy is built on the principle of majority rule because it allows a few… Read More »CONSTITUTIONAL DEMOCRACY

Civic Education

RIGHTS OF CITIZENS

RIGHTS OF CITIZENS The primary function of a state or country is to protect the fundamental human rights of its citizens and as a citizen of Nigeria you have the following rights entitled to you: Right to life Right to freedom from torture, inhuman or degrading punishment. Right to freedom from deprivation of personal liberty. Right to freedom from discrimination on the ground of sex, race or tribe Right to fair and equal hearing Right to private and family life. Right to freedom of movement . Right to peaceful assembly and association Right to freedom of expression and the press. Right to freedom from slavery and forced labour. Right to freedom from unlawful imprisonment. Right to ownership of property. Right to vote and be voted for. Right to education.   EVALUATION Mention your fundamental rights as a citizen of Nigeria. Explain right to fair hearing.   Types of Laws in… Read More »RIGHTS OF CITIZENS

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