Skip to content

BUSH FALLOWING IN WEST AFRICA

BUSH FALLOWING IN WEST AFRICA

Bush fallowing is a system of farming or the cultivation of one piece of land for some years before the farmer leaves the piece of land to cultivate another in order to allow the former to regain lost nutrients.

 Favourable Conditions Necessary for Bush Fallowing

(i)         Abundance of large area of farmlands.

(ii)        Low population in the area.

(iii)       Low level of education of the farmers.

(iv)       Use of crude tools and implements.

(v)        Low level of technology.

Characteristics of Bush Fallowing

(i)         Farming is purely subsistence i.e. for family consumption.

(ii)        It involves the use of crude implements like cutlass and hoe.

(iii)       It is very common in rural areas where land is in abundance.

(iv)       Food crops such as yam, cassava and maize are grown.

(v)        Family labour is employed.

(vi)       It is practiced where population is low.

(vii)      Farmlands are left to fallow for 3-5 years.

 

Types of crops grown

Food crops are mainly grown such as:

(a)        Root and tuber crops e.g yam, cassava and cocoyam.

(b)        Cereal (grain) crops e.g. rice, millet, maize etc.

(c)        Berry e.g. tomato

Advantages of Bush Fallowing

(i)         It brings about natural restoration of lost nutrients to the soil.

(ii)        It helps to control plant diseases and pests.

(iii)       It uses cheap family labour.

(iv)       It checks soil erosion, leaching and weed growth.

(v)        It is very easy to practice as low technology is required.

(vi)       A farmer gets different crops from the same land.

See also  INTRODUCTION TO GEOGRAPHY

(vii)      It involves low capital investment i.e. it is cheap to operate.

(viii)     It provides Pasture for livestock animals.

 

Disadvantages of Bush Fallowing

  1. It leads to wastage of land.
  2. It leads to land fragmentation due to increase in population.
  3. It allows cultivation of only one seasonal crop like maize, rice, millet etc.
  4. It does not give room for mechanization of farms.
  5. It leads to soil erosion when soil is exhausted.
  6. It destroys valuable forest resources like timber.

 EVALUATION QUESTIONS

  1. Give two reasons why bush fallowing is unpopular today.
  2. Why is bush fallowing not practiced in areas of large population?

 

CURRENT TRENDS

Currently, Bush Fallowing is almost obsolete (dead) in West Africa for the following reasons:

  1. Due to shortage of land as a result of increasing population
  2. The population is increasing hence, there is much pressure on land
  3. The land tenure system is a major set-back to bush fallowing
  4. The practice of mechanized agriculture now discourages bush fallowing
  5. There is high demand for land for industrial, commercial and residential uses
  6. Urbanization which is the growth of towns and cities is making bushy area to be scarce.

 General Evaluation questions

  • What is bush fallowing?
  • Mention two factors that favours bush fallowing.
  • Mention four characteristics or features of bush fallowing.
  • Describe the pattern of land preparation in bush fallowing.
  • State three disadvantages of bush fallowing.

 READING ASSIGNMENT

Essential Geography pages 332-333

 WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT

  1. One of these is not used in bush fallowing

(a) Hoe                        (b) Cutlass       (c) Tractor

  1. Bush fallowing is mainly for ………….
See also  METHODS OF RECORDING DATA

(a) Export        (b) Import        (c) Subsistence

  1. One of these had made the system of bush fallowing difficult

(a) abundance of land (b) growing population     (c) poor farm tools

  1. One of these crops is not popularly planted in bush fallowing system

(a) Cotton        (b) Sugar cane             (c) Cassava

  1. The system of bush fallowing is still popular in some _______ areas.

(a) Developed             (b) rural           (c) Urban

 THEORY

  1. Outline any five characteristics of bush fallowing.
  2. Give five reasons why bush fallowing system is becoming unpopular.

See also

Geographic Information System | Application, Problems & Data Representation

MAJOR LANDFORMS OF THE WORLD

GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM (GIS)

ROCKS OF THE EARTH

INTERNAL STRUCTURE OF THE EARTH

 

Related Words

  • bush fallowing
  • bush fallowing meaning
  • bush fallowing advantages and disadvantages
  • bush fallowing disadvantages
  • bush fallowing and shifting cultivation
  • bush fallowing is also known as
  • bush fallowing in west africa
  • bush fallowing definition
  • bush fallowing system
  • bush fallowing in nigeria
SUBSCRIBE BELOW FOR A GIVEAWAY

Building & maintaining an elearning portal is very expensive, that is why you see other elearning websites charge fees. Help to keep this learning portal free by telling mum or dad to donate or support us. We accept grants, sponsorships & support to help take this to the next big level and reach out to more people. Thank you so much. Click here to donate

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

School Portal NG
error: Content is protected !!