DRAWING INSTRUMENTS AND MATERIALS
Technical drawing is a universal language used for communication among technological professionals. The professionals that use technical drawing are Architects, Engineers, surveyors, technicians, technologists, draughtsman, designers etc.
Professionals and students of technical drawing need the required instruments and materials to make good drawings because technical drawing involves the use of symbols, lines, measurements, etc. to represent ideas, knowledge, imagination (design) and information to others.
A building is a fixed structure meant for human occupancy and uses. It provides shelter for man and his property.
CLASSIFICATION OF BUILDING
Buildings are classified according to the following.
Occupancy and uses
The numbers of floors they have
The types of materials used and its method of construction
Occupancy and uses: It includes the following:
PROPERTIES OF MATERIAL
Materials can be described as substances that produce other things.
The properties of the following materials shall be considered:
Metals\ceramics and glass
A workshop is a place where engineering activities are carried out.
WORKSHOP SAFETY RULES AND REGULATIONS
Workshop accident is an unforeseen/unexpected occurrence that way cause injury or pain on the personnel, wastage of materials and damage of tools and equipment.
Safety is the act of freedom from injury, sickness or accident, or damage or death.
Safety guidelines are general rules or instructions written to give advice and direct people behaviour.
SAFETY GUIDELINES FOR PEDESTRIANS
Pedestrians must walk on the left hand side facing oncoming vehicle.
Be predictable. Stay away from restricted areas of the road or freeways.
Pedestrian should dress in light colours and carry flash light while walking in the night.
Pay attention and watch out. Do not be in a hurry.
Do not take drugs and alcohol before walking in the street.
Pedestrian should use the zebra crossing the road.
This is the ability to use, manage, access and understand technology. When this skills and knowledge is acquired, it can be used in communication and solving problems.
Technology literacy helps man to use information communication technology (ICT) to solve diverse problem such as online messages, online banking, online registration etc.
TECHNOLOGY AND SOCIETY
The level of technology in a society determines whether the society is developed or underdeveloped.
Some of the technology that determine the level of development of a society are:
Good road network for easy mobility
Constant power supply to residential and industrial premises.
Constant supply of drinkable water.
The level of production which determines whether the society depends on facilities for recreation and relaxation.
LIFE APPLICATION OF TECHNOLOGY
Technology has improved the standard of living and solved human problems in the following ways.
Highways with traffic light to control the flow of traffic
Good road network for easy transportation
Internet facilities for communicating and sharing ideas.
Modern houses with facilities that make life easier
Manufacturing machine for mass and accurate production
CONCEPT TECHNOLOGY – UNDERSTANDING TECHNOLOGY
What is Technology?
Technology is the systematic application of scientific or organized knowledge for the use of mankind.
Science and Technology are closely related. Science is a system of acquiring knowledge through research. Technology is the application of scientific result and knowledge to solve life’s problem.