Basic Technology (Introductory Technology)

basic technology

VOLTAGE, RESISTANCE, INDUCTANCE AND CAPACITANCE CONTENT

VOLTAGE (POTENTIAL DIFFRENCE) Difference between points in electric field: the work done in moving a unit electric charge between two points in an electric field. Electric potential: electric potential expressed in volts. It is measured in volts. The instrument for measurement is a voltmeter.   RESISTANCE Resistance is the opposition that a circuit, component, or …

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basic technology

BASIC COMPONENTS OF ELECTRIC CIRCUIT

ELECTRIC CIRCUITS Electric circuit can be defined as the path provided for easy flow of electric current.  It is for conversion of the electric current into useful purposes such as lighting and heating.  Electric circuit is connected or fitted with devices that control and measure the current and energy used in the process. Simple electric …

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basic technology

MAINTENANCE

DEFINITION OF MAINTENANCE Maintenance in engineering work is defined as the functions that should be carried out every day in order to keep the plant or any engineering equipment in good operating condition.  Any breakdown in plant and engineering equipment is the result of inadequate maintenance of equipment.   TYPES OF MAINTENANCE Predictive maintenance: This …

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basic technology

HOLDING DEVICES

In order to work safely and conveniently on any work piece, it needs firmly secured. The devices used for holding these work piece firmly are called holding vices. Holding devices include the following: Vices Clamps Pliers   VICES Vices are used for holding objects rigidly in position, so that desired operations can be carried out. …

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basic technology

METAL WORK – HAND TOOL

METAL WORK- HAND TOOL –  CUTTING AND DRIVING TOOLS  CUTTING TOOLS Cutting tools are tools used for cutting materials by either sawing, filing, chiseling, scraping. Cutting tools include the following: Hacksaw Files Chisel Scraper   Hacksaw The hacksaw consists of two parts: the frame and the blade. It is used mainly for cutting metals in …

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basic technology

REVISION

REVISION ___ is a universal language used for communication among technical people (a) Scaling (b) Technical drawing (c) Sketching (d) Oblique. Technical people include the following except (a) engineers (b) technicians (c) builders and draughtsman (d) lawyer Which of the following is not a drawing instrument (a) set squares (b) French curve (c) microscope (d) …

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basic technology

BUILDING MATERIALS & BUILDING COMPONENTS

FLOORS This is a flat bottom surface in or on any structure. It is a rigid building assembly that divides space horizontally into stories. It forms the bottom of a room. It may consist of joist-supported wood planks or panels, decking or panels supported by wood or steel beams, a slab of stone or concrete on …

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basic technology

TYPES OF BUILDINGS & BUILDING MATERIALS

Types of building Bungalow: It is dwelling built in a style developed from that of a form of rural house in India. The original bungalow typically has one story, few rooms, and a maximum of cross drafts, with high ceilings, unusually large window and door openings, and verandas on all sides to shade the rooms …

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