# BASIC ELECTRICITY

Electricity is a form of energy that can give things the ability to move and work. Electricity makes the following to do work or move: bulbs, toys, machines, cars, television etc.

## PUPILS ACTIVITIES

### Materials required

A plastic comb (or a glass rod or a plastic rod), pupils with dry hair, a piece of dry fur or silk, a desk, light paper, e.g. high-quality toilet paper or filter paper, your science notebook, biro.

### Procedure

1. Tear the toilet paper (or filter paper) into many small pieces and spread them on a desk.
2. Use the plastic comb to comb your dry hair a few times and quickly place it above the pieces of paper on the desk.

1. Write your observations in your science notebook. Did you see the small pieces of paper jumping up to hang onto the comb? This may surprise you. But the Greeks also performed this type of activity about 2 600 years ago. They rubbed a material called amber with fur, and it attracted small pieces of paper just as your comb did. Something must be on the comb or the amber that attracts the pieces of paper.

## TYPES OF ENERGY

1. Static energy
2. Current energy

## METHOD OF GENERATING ELECTRICITY

Electricity generation is the process of generating electrical power from other sources of primary energy.

Electricity can be generated using the following;

1. Hydro (water)-KAINIIJI dam
2. solar –sun
3. machines-generator
4. Batteries
5. Wind
6. Coal
7. Wave

## STRATEGIES AND ACTIVITIES

The Teacher revises the previous week lesson.

The Teacher introduces the new topic.

The Teacher explains the note in details.

The Teacher gives room for pupils to ask questions.

The Teacher evaluates the pupils.

## ASSESSMENT AND EVALUATION

1. identify the types of energy
2. Explain how electricity is produced and used.

## ASSIGNMENT

1. Describe how electricity is generated and conducted from one point to another.
2. Name the types of electricity.

MEANING OF HEAT AND TEMPERATURE

MEANING OF HEAT AND TEMPERATURE

MEANING AND IMPORTANCE OF ENERGY CONVERSION

DRAWING INSTRUMENTS

MEANING AND USES OF MAINTENANCE MATERIALS

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