NATIONAL UNITY AND INTEGRATION
National unity and integration: Nigeria is made up of many ethnic groups who rule themselves through various means based on kinship.
The Hausa/Fulanis had Emirs and Sarkis as their kings, the Yorubas/Edos have Obas while the Igbos were ruled by elders and village assembly.
National unity has now brought us together as brothers and sisters, most ethnic groups in Nigeria inter-marry, this brings about unity despite our differences.
Citizenship means membership of a country, nation or state.
A citizen is a legal member of wherever he comes from and has some rights, duties and obligations.
Types of citizenship
By Birth: A person becomes a citizen of the country where he is born.
By Marriage and Registration: A foreigner can becomes a citizen if he/she marries a Nigerian and registers the marriage.
By Descent: Many Nigerians who live in other countries and have children in those countries automatically have their children as Nigerians based on descent.
By Naturalization: This is having citizenship of another country having fulfill certain conditions e.g. A foreigner that have lived up to 15 years in Nigeria can apply for citizenship if he/she fulfill certain conditions.
Honesty is defined as the quality of being truthful or the act of being straight forward.
Attributes/Qualities of honesty
Truth: an honest person does not lie, he is never biased in his discussions.
Respect: an honest person respects the opinion of other people.
Reliability: an honest person is dependable
Obedience: an obedient person is faithful and cannot deviate from the truth. Most obedient people are honest.
Hard work: honest people are hard working. They do not believe in malpractices, cheating, bribery and corruption
Friendship: honest people have many friends and well-wishers.
Values is the actual worth of a thing in monetary terms.
Values can be seen as the importance that we attach to a thing.
Society values refers to the norms, standards and principles which the society expects from people living in it.
Forms of values
Moral values: This has to do with conduct and disciplined behaviour.
Economic value: This is the effort of an individual to earn a living through economic activities
Social value: This is our pattern of behaviours
Political value: This involves leadership and good governance
Individual virtue: This is the belief and faith to survive and succeed in life.
Importance of values
Culture is the total way of life of people of a society. It includes the people’s beliefs, language, religion, artwork, dressing, dancing, greetings, technology, etc.
Culture differs and varies from place to place and a society is known by its culture. Culture grows and changes with time. The result of assimilating other people’s belief, customs and traditions through continuous contact is known as “ACCULTURATION”
Socialization is the process by which a child learns how to do things like other human beings in the society. A child is helpless and dependent on other people around him for everything therefore, as he grows, through daily contact and interactions with other human beings he learns how to do things like others in the society.
Socialization is the training of the child in the culture or ways of life of his people or society.
Socialization is the process by which an individual acquires new behaviour through interactions and direct learning from other human beings.
It is a process by which a new member goes, through understanding the needs and practices of his community and adapts to them.
Socialization is a life-long process which begins from birth until death. The primary socialization begins at home where we learn the do’s and don’ts and culture of our society.
Agents of socialization
A settlement is a place with buildings where people live. Our physical environment determines the type of settlement we have in a particular area. A settlement could be a town or village or an area with many houses built by people or government.
There are two types of settlements.
PEOPLE AND THEIR ENVIRONMENT
Environment is the totality of our surroundings. Both man and the resources he depends on are all found in the environment.
Our environment is made up of both physical and social surroundings.
Types of environment
INTRODUCTION TO SOCIAL STUDIES
NATURE OF SOCIAL STUDIES
Social studies is an integrated subject because it draws its ingredients from other social science subjects like geography, economics, political science, sociology, psychology, history, etc.
It helps us to understand differences in our culture and how conflict can be settled through dialogue.
It helps us to understand the world, the position of our country and how to communicate with one another.
Social studies studies how man lives and inter relates in his society.