Representative Democracy is a system of government in which people elect those that will rule over them in government. It is also a government in the majority of the people. Examples of countries that practice this system include: Ghana, Nigeria, Liberia, South Africa, U.S.A, Britain, France, Germany, Brazil, etc.
TIERS OF GOVERNMENT
Government is defined as an agency that carries out the functions or business of the state. It is an institution through which the state or country is ruled.
The organs of government include the legislative (law making); the executive (enforcement of law); and the judiciary (interpretation of law).
FEDERATION (REASONS FOR ADOPTION)
A federation/federalism is a system of government in which powers of government are shared between two levels of government. Both the central and the component units.
Reasons why countries adopt federal system of government:
TYPES OF CONSTITUTIONS
The various types of constitutions include:
Written Constitution: These are the laws of the country that are found in a single document (book) at a particular time. E.g. Nigeria 1999 constitution.
Unwritten constitution: This is when all the important law of a country are found in many documents (but not in a single document). The Great Britain operations an unwritten constitution.
Flexible Constitution: This is when the process of amending a constitution is not difficult/complicated.
A constitution means a set of rules and regulations that guides the behavior of the state and its citizens. It also means a set of laws, principles, rules and regulations which determines how a country is ruled or governed.
Every community, organisation or society has some rules and regulations that guide the activities/behaviours of their members. So also in the class, school, state and the country at large. However, all these rules are made by the people who come together to provide/make the law o as to make the society stable and also promote peace and development.
EFFECTS OF ROAD ACCIDENT
Accident can be defined as a sudden occurrence that causes injury on the victims/road users. It can also cause damage to the vehicles or properties
There are three categories of accidents.
Fatal accident – when life is lost
Serious accident – when there are injuries
Minor accident – when there are no injuries
OCIAL ISSUES (TRAFFIC RULES)
Traffic means the movement of air – crafts, ships and vehicles from place to another. It also means the movement of people and goods from one place to another through the aid of vehicles, ships, trains and air-crafts.
Traffic rules and regulations are laws governing the movement of people and goods, vehicles, ships, trains and air crafts. When people obey the rules guiding traffic, accidents will be reduced on our roads.
Democracy is a system of government whereby the majority of people elect people (leaders) who rule over them. It is a government where adults/people take part in the governance of the state. It involves every citizen in a country to participate in the decision making of their country/state and society.
Abraham Lincoln defines democracy as a government of the people, by the people and far the people.
Followership: A follower is a person who takes to the instruction of a leader. Followership means a group of people who accept the leadership and authority of a person or group of persons. A call to leadership is a call to service while the followers must/should also pledge their support for their leader(s).
NATIONAL UNITY (FEATURES AND BENEFITS)
National unity is the desire of the citizens of a country to promote peace and stability (common interest) in them country.
Factors that Promote National Unity
There must be peace in the country
There must be security in the country
There must be good government in power
The economy of the country must be strong