Mr. Adeosun

Civic Education

REPRESENTATIVE DEMOCRACY

REPRESENTATIVE DEMOCRACY

Representative Democracy is a system of government in which people elect those that will rule over them in government. It is also a government in the majority of the people. Examples of countries that practice this system include: Ghana, Nigeria, Liberia, South Africa, U.S.A, Britain, France, Germany, Brazil, etc.

Civic Education

TIERS OF GOVERNMENT

TIERS OF GOVERNMENT

Government is defined as an agency that carries out the functions or business of the state. It is an institution through which the state or country is ruled.

The organs of government include the legislative (law making); the executive (enforcement of law); and the judiciary (interpretation of law).

Civic Education

TYPES OF CONSTITUTIONS

TYPES OF CONSTITUTIONS

The various types of constitutions include:

Written Constitution: These are the laws of the country that are found in a single document (book) at a particular time. E.g. Nigeria 1999 constitution.
Unwritten constitution: This is when all the important law of a country are found in many documents (but not in a single document). The Great Britain operations an unwritten constitution.
Flexible Constitution: This is when the process of amending a constitution is not difficult/complicated.

Civic Education

CONSTITUTION (DEFINITION/SOURCES/IMPORTANCE)

CONSTITUTION (DEFINITION/SOURCES/IMPORTANCE)

A constitution means a set of rules and regulations that guides the behavior of the state and its citizens. It also means a set of laws, principles, rules and regulations which determines how a country is ruled or governed.

Every community, organisation or society has some rules and regulations that guide the activities/behaviours of their members. So also in the class, school, state and the country at large. However, all these rules are made by the people who come together to provide/make the law o as to make the society stable and also promote peace and development.

Civic Education

EFFECTS OF ROAD ACCIDENT

EFFECTS OF ROAD ACCIDENT

Accident can be defined as a sudden occurrence that causes injury on the victims/road users. It can also cause damage to the vehicles or properties

There are three categories of accidents.

Fatal accident – when life is lost
Serious accident – when there are injuries
Minor accident – when there are no injuries

Civic Education

SOCIAL ISSUES (TRAFFIC RULES)

OCIAL ISSUES (TRAFFIC RULES)

Traffic means the movement of air – crafts, ships and vehicles from place to another. It also means the movement of people and goods from one place to another through the aid of vehicles, ships, trains and air-crafts.

Traffic rules and regulations are laws governing the movement of people and goods, vehicles, ships, trains and air crafts. When people obey the rules guiding traffic, accidents will be reduced on our roads.

Civic Education

DEMOCRACY

DEMOCRACY

Democracy is a system of government whereby the majority of people elect people (leaders) who rule over them. It is a government where adults/people take part in the governance of the state. It involves every citizen in a country to participate in the decision making of their country/state and society.

Abraham Lincoln defines democracy as a government of the people, by the people and far the people.

Civic Education

FOLLOWERSHIP

FOLLOWERSHIP

Followership: A follower is a person who takes to the instruction of a leader. Followership means a group of people who accept the leadership and authority of a person or group of persons. A call to leadership is a call to service while the followers must/should also pledge their support for their leader(s).

Civic Education

NATIONAL UNITY (FEATURES AND BENEFITS)

NATIONAL UNITY (FEATURES AND BENEFITS)

National unity is the desire of the citizens of a country to promote peace and stability (common interest) in them country.

Factors that Promote National Unity

There must be peace in the country
There must be security in the country
There must be good government in power
The economy of the country must be strong

Civic Education

NATIONAL SYMBOLS AND THEIR MEANING

NATIONAL SYMBOLS AND THEIR MEANING

National symbols are marks, signs and objects for which the country is known/recognized. Examples of these natural symbols are the constitution, map pledge, Anthem, flag, coat of arms, currency and passports.

(a) The constitution: is a body of rule and regulations which is used to govern a state or country. Nigeria is presently operating the 1999 constitution. It is a federal constitution. It gives powers and guides all the various institutions of government.

Civic Education

NATIONAL CONSCIOUSNESS

NATIONAL CONSCIOUSNESS

Consciousness means the condition of being awake and able to understand what is happening around us. It also means a person’s ideas feelings or opinions about politics life and his environment. It also means awareness.

Self-consciousness mean awareness about oneself, what one is, what he can do or what he has.

Group consciousness it is the awareness within the group of what they have, their role and their ability.

Civic Education

OBLIGATIONS

 OBLIGATIONS

Obligations are legal or moral duties of citizens towards their government and fellow citizens. They are compulsory functions which citizens perform towards the state, its agencies and to his fellow citizens.

Types of Obligations

Political Obligation
Social/Civil Obligation
Economic Obligation

Civic Education

CITIZENSHIP (RIGHTS OF CITIZENS)

CITIZENSHIP (RIGHTS OF CITIZENS)

A citizen is a full-fledge member of a country. He enjoys all rights in the country as written in the constitution. A non-citizen does not enjoy all the rights citizens enjoy in any country where he/she stays. Citizenship can be acquired through birth, marriage and registration, by descent, naturalization, by honourary titles and dual citizenship.

Civic Education

TYPES OF VALUES

TYPES OF VALUES

Honesty means the quality of being truthful, honest and treating people fairly and sincerely

The attributes of honestly

The act of saying the truth and not telling lies or being biased.
Respecting oneself and performing one’s job according to laid down rules.
Being reliable and dependable
Being obedient and faithful