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ANIMAL PROTOZOAN DISEASES | SYMPTOMS, TRANSMISSION, EFFECTS, PREVENTIVE AND CURATIVE CONTROL

ANIMAL PROTOZOAN DISEASES

CONTENT

  • Trypanosomiasis
  • Coccidiosis
  • Red water fever (Piroplasmosis)

 

PROTOZOAN DISEASE ANIMAL AFFECTED MODE OF TRANSMISSION SYMPTOMS CONTROL/PREVENTION
TRYPANOSOMIASIS

 

Cattle, Sheep and Goat Spread by the blood sucking Tse-tse fly which sucks blood from an infected animal and transmit the pathogen to healthy animal. Rise in body temperature, dullness in appearance, constant sleeping. Clearing of bush around farm in order to remove the fly’s habitat, spraying with insecticides to kill vector, treatment with drugs such as trypanosomide and antimosan.
COCCIDIOSIS Eimera  sp Domestic fowl, duck, goose, turkey, guinea fowl and  rabbit It is spread through faeces, litter, feed, water and contaminated soils. Dropping wings, loss of appetite, blood stained diarrhoea, emaciation, high mortality, loss of hair/ acopecia (in rabbit) Proper sanitation, avoid wet litters and feed, change of litter used and general disinfection, use suitable drugs such as amprolium and nitrofurazone in water, treat with coccidiostats.
RED WATER FEVER (PIROPLASMOSIS) Babesia  sp Cattle, Sheep, Goat and Pig It is transmitted through the bite of vector called Blue tick. Rise in body temperature, loss of appetite, diarrhoea, pale red colour of urine, emaciation and death. Spray with insecticides to kill vector of disease (blue tick), injection of drugs such as Trypan Blue, Babesan or Phenamidine.
See also  Animal Farm Tools

 

GENERAL Evaluation

  1. State 4 bacterial diseases affecting livestock.
  2. State 2 symptoms of Tuberculosis.
  3. Name 4 animals affected by tuberculosis.
  4. What are the symptoms of fowl typhoid.
  5. List 3 fungal diseases of animals.
  6. Name 3 animals affected by ringworm.
  7. State three diseases caused by protozoa.
  8. What the vector of Piroplasmosis?
  9. Outline three symptoms of Coccidiosis.

 

Reading Assignment

Essential Agric Science by O. Iwena page 386 -390

 

WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT

  1. Which of the following livestock diseases is transmitted by tick? (a) Coccidiosis

(b) aspergillosis  (c) brucellosis (d) red water fever

  1. Which of the following diseases is not caused by protozoa (a) trypanosomiasis

(b) Coccidiosis (c) red water fever (d) aspergillosis

  1. When a cattle is observed to be sleeping constantly among the flock, it’s most likely suffering from (a) trypanosomiasis (b) coccidiosis (c) red water fever (d) aspergillosis
  2. The disease that causes abortion in cattle at the later stage of pregnancy is (a) milk fever (b) pneumonia (c) brucellosis (d) foot and mouth
  3. Trypanosomiasis can affect the following animals except (a) fowl (b) cattle (c) sheep (d) goat
See also  LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION (NUTRITION)

 

THEORY

1a. State three diseases caused by protozoa.

  1. Name the animals affected in each case.
  2. Explain Red water fever disease under the following headings – causal organisms, animals affected, mode of transmission, symptoms, control.

 

See also

ANIMAL FUNGAL DISEASES

ANIMAL BACTERIAL DISEASES

CONTROL OF ANIMAL VIRAL DISEASES

ANIMAL HEALTH MANAGEMENT

ROUTINE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES OF FARM ANIMALS

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