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ANIMAL BACTERIAL DISEASES | SYMPTOMS, TRANSMISSION, EFFECTS, PREVENTIVE AND CURATIVE CONTROL

Agricultural Science

 

BACTERIAL DISEASE ANIMAL AFFECTED MODE OF TRANSMISSION SYMPTOMS CONTROL/PREVENTION
Anthrax

Bacillus anthraxis

Cattle, Sheep, Goat, Pig. Through contaminated feed, water, equipment and infected animals. High fever, depression, staggering and sudden death of the animal. No effective drug for the treatment. Regular vaccination, infected animals should be slaughtered and buried, proper sanitation.
Brucellosis (Contagious abortion) Brucella  abortus Pigs, Cattle, Sheep and Goat. Contaminated feed, water, contact with infected animals, contact with infected materials such as shoes etc. Abortion, inflammation of the womb, diarrhoea and dysentery, paralysis, loss of

milk and frequent infertility.

Sick  animals should be isolated and badly infected animals should be killed and

burried.

Tuberculosis Mycobacterium  tuberculosis Cattle, Sheep, Goat, Pigs and poultry birds. Sputum, droppings, milk of infected Cow, germ inhaled or through

mouth during feeding

Constant coughing, loss of weight and appetite, infection of liver and udder in

Cows.

No cure of drug. Animal infected should be killed and buried, good sanitation, isolate suspected

animals.

Pullorum Disease

 

Poultry Through contamination of feeds, water and litter Watery droppings that are usually sticky and greenish – white in colour. Obtain chicks from sources that are disease free, Isolate infected birds, Maintain good sanitation, Treat the infected birds with appropriate antibiotics.
Fowl Typhoid Fowl Through contaminated feed, water and litter materials Yellowish watery droppings, loss of appetite and ruffled appearance. Routine vaccination, Maintain good sanitation, Treat the infected birds with appropriate antibiotics

 

Fowl Cholera Fowl Through contaminated feed, water and litter. Ruffled appearance, thirst due to dehydration, blood-stained yellowish watery droppings and sudden death. Isolate infected birds,

Maintain good sanitation measures,

Practice routine vaccination and treat the infected birds with appropriate antibiotics.

 

 

EVALUATION

  1. List five bacteria diseases
  2. List three animals that are affected by brucellosis

 

See also

CONTROL OF ANIMAL VIRAL DISEASES

ANIMAL HEALTH MANAGEMENT

ROUTINE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES OF FARM ANIMALS

AGRICULTURAL MARKETING

Classification of crops based on life span

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