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MEANING OF AGRO-ALLIED INDUSRIES

Agro-allied industries/Agro-based industries are industries which depend on agriculture for their raw materials in order to operate successfully. In other words, agro-based industries require the supply of agricultural raw materials in order to provide some finished products that are essential for human and animal consumption.

 

EXAMPLES OF AGRO-ALLIED INDUSTRIES AND RAW MATERIALS USED

The table below shows the examplesof agro-allied industries and the raw materials used in each industry:

S/N Agro-based Industries Raw Materials Used
1. Oil mill Oil seeds
2. Soap industries Oil seeds/oil
3. Cigarette/Tobacco Tobacco leaves
4. Textile/Ginnery Cotton
5. Breweries Cereals
6. Fruit canning Fruits
7. Paper industry Pulpwood
8. Sugar industry Sugar cane
9. Plywood/saw mill Wood
10. Flour mill Cereal/grains
11. Starch Cassava, maize
12. Tyre Rubber latex
13. Feed mill Groundnut, maize, etc
14. Beverage Cocoa, coffee, tea

EVALUATION QUESTIONS

  1. What are Agro-based industries?
  2. State ten examples of agro-allied industries and the raw materials used.
  3. State five examples of cereals.

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN AGRICULTURE AND INDUSTRIES

There is a positive and wide range of relationshipsbetween agriculture and industries. These relationships include the following:

  1. Provision of Market:Agriculture provides market for industrial products such as farm machinery, chemicals and fertilizer
  2. Provision of Food: Agriculturealso provides food for industrial workers.
  3. Provision of Raw Materials: Agriculture provides raw materials such as cocoa, cotton, palm produce and groundnut for industries.
  4. Competition for Labour: Both agriculture and industry compete for labour.
  5. Provision of Essential Goods: Industries provide a large range of desirablegoods that farmers want to buy.
  6. Provision of Agro-chemicals: Industries produce agro-chemicals for agricultural uses. Examples are pesticides, fertilizers, vaccines and herbicides.
  7. Provision of Storage Facilities: Industries provide storage facilities for agricultural produce e.g. grains, milk, fruits, vegetables, meat, fish, etc.
  8. Provision of Processing Facilities:Industries also provide processing facilities such as grinders, millers, etc for agriculture.
  9. Provision of Agricultural Tools and Machinery: Industries produce machinery and equipment for agricultural uses. Examples include tractors, ploughs, cutlasses and hoes.
  10. Development of Industrial Sector: Rise in agricultural income due to efficient and economic factor combination brings about development of industrial sector of the economy.
See also  Animal Farm Tools

EVALUATION QUESTIONS

  1. State seven relationships between agriculture and industries.
  2. State five essential industrial goods that farmers may want to buy.
  3. State any three agricultural storage structures produced by industry.

 

GENERAL EVALUATION/REVISION QUESTIONS

  1. What are Agro-based industries?
  2. State five examples of agro-allied industries and the raw materials used.
  3. State five examples of cereals.
  4. List out five agro-chemicals being used by farmers.
  5. State any three agricultural storage structures produced by industry and the produce being stored by them.
  1. List out five roles of Science and Technology in agricultural development.
See also  Plant Forms

 

WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT

  1. Which of these is not a farm machine? A. planter B. incubator C. sowing machine  D. plough
  2. Brewery industry needs …… as a raw material for its production. A. groundnut B. pulp wood

C.cotton  D. cereal

  1. All these are agro-based industries except….. industry A. soap B. textile  C. electronics
  2. paper
  3. ….is not a storage structure. A. freezer B. silo  C. crib  D. grinder
  4. Which of these is a processing structure? A. freezer B. silo  C. crib  D. grinder

 

THEORY

  1. (a) What are Agro-based industries?

(b) State five examples of agro-allied industries and the raw materials used.

  1. State any three agricultural storage structures produced by industry and the produce being stored by them.

 

See also

AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT

AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT

AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT

Agriculture

AGRICULTURE

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